Bologna has a population of nearly 400,000 and is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna Region. It is an important transport, agricultural, industrial and financial hub boasting a very rich history. The University of Bologna, said to have been founded in 1088, is considered the oldest university in the world.
The city is famous for its towers, brick buildings and terracotta roofs to which it owes its nickname "Red Bologna". In the medieval city centre, there are many churches and other architectural masterpieces including the typical archways. For getting around the city, you can use buses or trolley buses.
Bologna is also famous for its delicious cuisine mainly featuring meat and cheese dishes. An important part of the cuisine is the smoked pork specialities, particularly prosciutto and mortadella. Pasta lovers can get a taste of specialities such as tortellini in broth, lasagne and tagliatelle al ragù.